Wednesday last week marked three years since Nigeria’s last documented case of polio, which was also the last case recorded in Africa. This particular means the African continent is usually set to be certified free of the virus by the globe Health Organization, WHO. “This particular is usually a dramatic change via 2012 when the country accounted for more than half of all polio cases worldwide, with 223 victims,” WHO said. Nigeria is usually the last country in Africa to have witnessed a case of polio in Borno State. Outside of Nigeria, the last case on the African continent was in Somalia’s Puntland region in 2014.
According to WHO, polio incidence globally been reduced by 99 percent since 1988 when more than 350,000 children were paralyzed annually in 125 countries. If Nigeria is usually ultimately declared polio-free, the virus shall remain in only two countries of the globe, Afghanistan along with also Pakistan. In 2018, there were 33 polio cases confined to just these two countries.
Head of Nigeria’s National Primary Health Care Development Agency [NPHCDA] Dr Faisal Shuaib said Nigeria has reached a “historic milestone,” adding which This particular would certainly take several months before the country can officially be labelled polio-free. He said the first criteria, which is usually a report of no case for three years, has been achieved.
inside past few years, health workers along with also volunteers repeatedly vaccinated about 50 million Nigerian children under the age of 5. The effort was driven by the Federal Government through the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, a joint effort between WHO, Rotary International, the US Government, UNICEF along with also Bill & Millender Gates Foundation. The programme also received funding via the Aliko Dangote Foundation.
Many volunteers risked their lives in some instances to vaccinate 0-5-year-old children in some crisis-ridden parts of Nigeria. At some point, insecurity inside North East hindered the polio vaccination programme. However, the successes achieved inside fight against Boko Haram insurgents facilitated This particular milestone achievement of no-completely new-case.
This particular is usually not just a milestone for Nigeria however also for the rest of Africa. This particular would certainly be one remarkably indelible public health achievement along with also an outstanding legacy to be left by today’s leaders for future generations. This particular is usually worthwhile to appreciate along with also commend the role played by the Sultan of Sokoto along with also President-General of the Nigeria Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs (NSCIA), Alhaji Muhammad Sa’ad Abubakar as well as additional traditional rulers under the auspices of Jama’atu Nasril Islam (JNI) whose institutional persuasion convinced parents, especially inside northern states, to allow their children along with also wards receive the once-rejected along with also ostracised polio vaccine.
Polio, or poliomyelitis, mainly affects children under the age of 5. This particular is usually a highly infectious disease caused by a virus. This particular invades the nervous system along with also could cause total paralysis in a matter of hours. Initial symptoms include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness of the neck along with also pain inside limbs. Health experts say one in 0 infections leads to irreversible paralysis.
While we urge government to continue to engage religious along with also traditional rulers in all its health-related initiatives by tasking them with the role of enlightening their subjects on government programmes, we equally encourage This particular to support indigenous pharmaceutical institutions along with also industries to produce polio vaccines locally in Nigeria. Besides economic benefits, such would certainly liberate the country via Nigeria’s overdependence on foreign donor agencies along with also individuals.
currently which Nigeria is usually set to launch Africa into the globe of polio-free continents, authorities at Nigeria’s NPHCDA must work to ensure which there is usually a robust surveillance system inside country to be certain which no completely new cases of the wild polio virus are recorded. Anything could happen between currently along with also the time WHO would certainly certify Nigeria as polio-free because completely new babies are being born every day along with also they would certainly require to be vaccinated against polio. As a country with huge along with also complex challenges, we cannot afford to relax only to destroy This particular hard-earned achievement.